. 本周教学内容:


2Module 2 Unit 4 signs



. 重点词汇:

direction instruction warning emergency entry


. 短语:

1. turn left 向左转

2. tell sb to do sth  告诉某人做某事

3. walk for one hour 走一小时

4. be in  在……

5. look at  

6. washing instructions 洗涤说明

7. wash it by hand 手洗

8. in cool water 冷水中

9. have a barbecue  烧烤

10. on the underground 在地铁里

11. look up  查找

12. get lost   迷路

13. go back to 回到

14. catch a turtle in the reservoir 在水库里抓到一只乌龟

15. visit a hostel 参观宿舍

16. miss a turn  失去一次机会

17. throw a … to start  扔一个……开始

18. drop some litter 扔垃圾

19. throw a … to end…… 扔一个……结束

20. help to do  帮助做某事

21. plant some trees 种一些树

22. go ahead 走在前面

23. pick a flower 栽花

24. swim in the reservoir 在水库里游泳

25. go fishing in a stream  在小溪里钓鱼

26. stay in the shelter  呆在避护所

27. chase a bird 追一只鸟

28. well done  做得好

29. pick up all your litter  拾起你所有的垃圾

30. keep us safe 保持我们安全

31. rest area 休息处

32. emergency telephone 急救电话


. 重点句子:

1. How will I clean it? 我怎样清洁它?

2. We mustn’t eat or drink on the underground. 我们一定不要在地铁上吃喝。

3. We can have a barbecue here. 我们可以在这烧烤。

4. You should wash it by hand in cool water.  你应在冷水中手洗。

5. It tells us to turn left, then walk for one hour.  它告诉我们向左转然后走一小时。

6. What do they mean? 他们什么意思?

7. What do they tell us? 他们告诉我们什么?

8. Where can we see them? 我们在哪能看到他们?

9. What does this sign mean= What’s the meaning of this sign? 这个标志是什么意思?

10. Where do we have rules? 我们在哪有规则?

11. We have rules to keep us safe. 我们有规则来使我们安全。

12. No smoking! 禁止吸烟!

13. Don’t run! 不准跑!

14. No fishing! 不准钓鱼!

15. No dogs!不准带狗


. 相关语法链接

1. 情态动词

a 情态动词后动词用原形  例:We must go .

b 常用的几个情态动词


1I can swim

2You can go there by bus.


多用于请求,Could you give me an apple?

may 可以/可能 It may be a cat.

May I come in?

must必须  We must go home at 5pm.

mustnt 一定不能(表示禁止)You mustnt take animals to his bedroom.

need需要 You need go to hospital at once.

注:must 引起的一般疑问句其否定回答不用mustnt 而用neednt

Must I go now?

No, you needn’t.

2. 祈使句

a)无主语   Open the door.

b)动词用原形   Dont run.


1Open the window.

2Dont swim in the river.

3No dogs.

4No smoking .

5Lets go .

3. 介词

    介词in  on  at

区别:(1)表示时间时  in +//季节/早晚



in 1990/in May/in summer/in the morning

on Monday/on May 2nd/on a cold evening

at 7:00/at night/at noon

2)表示地点in 在……里  in the box

on表示在表面上 on the desk

at 在具体某点  at the corner


. 重难点解析

1. It tells us to turn left, then walk for one hour.它告诉我们向左转,然后走一小时。

tfor +一段时间”这一结构中。for指持续时间的长短,回答how long的问题,句中的动词应为延续性动词。如:

1Ive lived in China for ten years.我在中国住十年了。

2Im going away for a few days. 我要离开几天。

2. We mustnt eat or drink on the underground.我们在地铁上不许吃东西、喝饮料。

t情态动词mustnt 意为“不得;一定不要”。如:

1You mustnt take photos here.此处不准拍照。

2You mustnt talk in class.不许在课堂上说话。

3. We can have a barbecue here.我们可以在这烧烤。


a. 允许(做某事)如:

You can park here.你可以把车停在这里。

b. 能力(即能做某事)如:

I can ride a bike.我能骑自行车。

c. 可能性(可以、可能做某事)如:

1Can you help me?你能帮我吗?

2Im afraid I cant go with you.恐怕我没法和你一起去。

4. Where else can we see this sign?我们在别的什么地方能看见这个标志

telse意为“除(提到的)以外;其他”,修饰不定代词something, everything, anything, nothing,

somebody, anybody, nobody 、疑问代词(who, which, what , whom等)和疑问副词(when, where 等),位于这些词之后,如:

1What else can you see in the picture? 你在图上还能看到什么别的东西?

2Is there anything else in todays newspaper?今天的报纸上还有别的内容吗?

5. We have rules to keep us safe.我们有使我们安全的规则。


1Good food keeps you healthy.好的食品能使你健康。

2Keep the door open.让门开着。

3Dont keep him out.别让他在外边。

4My mother kept me at home yesterday.昨天我母亲让我留在家里。

6. sign and rules规章


traffic signs 交通标志,a shop-sign商店招牌


the rules of the game游戏规则

The rule is that we cant bring our bags here.按照规定,我们不能把书包带到这儿。

7. How will I clean it


clean the house打扫房子,clean the table收拾饭桌

The little girl can help her mother clean the room.小女孩能帮助妈妈收拾房间了。

The students are cleaning the widows.学生们正在擦玻璃。


The classroom is big and clean.这间教室又大又干净。

The water is clean, you can drink it .这水很干净,你可以喝。

8. The sign means we cant smoke here.标牌的意思是我们不能在这儿吸烟。

    句中的can为情态动词,表示“能,会”,后面直接跟动词原形。若要变成否定句,则在can后加not,缩写成cant若变成一般疑问句,则把can提前至句首。回答时,肯定为:Yes,主语+can;否定为:No, 主语+cant。例如:

I can repair the bike for you. 我可以替你修自行车。

Can you draw a horse for me? 你能为我画匹马吗?

Yes ,I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我能。/不,我不能。

9. What does it mean?     它是什么意思?

=What’s the meaning of it?




1. Do you have any__ things?

A. else                   B. else’s               C. other                   D. others

2. This signs means you should wash it ____in cool water.

A. by hand             B. with hand         C. by hands            D. use hands

3. He ___the teacher carefully, but he ___ nothing.

A. listened, listened to                         B. listened to , listened

C. heard, heard                                  D. listened to ,heard

4. We have rules___ us ____.

A. to keep, safe       B. deeping ,safe    C. to keep ,safety    D. keeping, safely

5. You___ look out of the window in class.

A. mustn’t              B. aren’t               C. don’t                  D. wouldn’t

6. Must I go home now?

No, you_____.

A. mustn’t              B. can’t                C. may                    D. needn’t

7. Can you cook fish?

____. It’s easy.

A. No, I can’t        B. Yes, I can        C. Sorry, I can’t       D. Yes, I need

8. ____listen to music in the classroom.

A. Not                    B. Can’t               C. Don’t                  D. Aren’t

9. Do you have many___ in your family?

A. friends              B. rule                  C. rules                   D. a rule

10. -Can I sit here?


A. Oh, sorry, please sit down over there

B. Oh, yes ,you can’t

C. That’s right

D. Sit here

11. We must keep our classroom____.

A. cleaner and tidy                             B. clean and tidy

C. clean and tidier                               D. cleaner and tidier

12. We have rules____ care of the environment.

A. to take               B. taking               C. takes                  D. took

13. Where do we have rules?___ the road.

A. In                     B. At                   C. Over                   D. On

14. Where ____we see this sign?

A. must                 B. mustn’t           C. can                     D. won’t

15. This sign tells us____ something.

A. what to do          B. how to do         C. which to do         D. do

16. The information tells us____ we want to know.

A. what                  B. how                 C. which                 D. when

17. The directions mean___ to go .

A. how and what                               B. how and which

C. how and how                                D. how and where

18. -Must we go to the park?

-No, you_______.

A. mustn’t             B. can’t               C. needn’t               D. must



1. 你应在凉水中手洗这件毛衣。

  2. 我们能在这烤肉。

3. 我怎么能把这个连衣裙洗干净?

4. 我们还能在哪看到这个标记?

5. 它告诉我们不要在这游泳。



Hong Kong is part of China. It lies to the south of Guangdong Province(省).It is made up of three parts—Hong Kong island, Kowloon(九龙)and New Territories(新界).Hong Kong has a population of more than 6, 300,000 people. They are mainly Chinese .The Chinese people play a very important part(起着很重要的作用)in building New Hong Kong. The People of Hong Kong love peace(和平).Hong Kong was taken over(被接管)by our government on July lst, 1997. This stands for(代表)the wish of the Chinese people, including(包括)the people of Hong Kong.


1. Hong Kong is a part of Guangdong Province.

2. The people of Hong Kong love peace.

3. The people of Hong Kong are all Chinese.

4. Hong Kong has been take over by China.

5. Hong Kong lies in the south of China.


一、1. C        2. A        3. D        4. A        5. A        6. D        7. B        8. C        9. C

10. A          11. B       12. A       13. D      14. C      15. B       16. A       17. D      18. C

二、1. You should wash the sweater by hand in cool water!

2. We can have a barbecue here.

3. How can I clean the dress!

4. Where else can we see this sign!

5. It tells us not to swim here!

三、1. F        2. T        3. F        4. T        5. T