Chapter Three: Dealing with trouble: reading
1. Today my father and I were waiting for the ferry .今天我爸爸和我正在等渡轮。
在此句中所用的时态是过去进行时，这一时态的基本结构是was/were+ v.-ing 形式。
I was watching the World Cup Final at 7 o’clock yesterday evening.
He watched the World Cup Final yesterday evening. 昨晚他看了世界杯决赛。
I was having my breakfast then. 那时我正在吃早餐。
I’m having my breakfast now.现在我正在吃早餐。
You were sleeping then. 当时你正在睡觉。
They are sleeping now. 现在他们正在睡觉。
wait for 表示：等候，等待.wait 是一个不及物动词，后接宾语时，必须用短语wait for.
Please wait here. He will be back in a minute. 请等在这儿吧。他一会儿就会回来。
We should wait for help. 我们应该等待帮忙。
Will you wait for me for a while?你等我一会好么？
2. This afternoon we heard a big argument. 今天下午我们听见一场大声的争论。
hear 和listen to 的区别。
hear 表示：听见，听到，强调听的结果，listen to 表示：听，听着， 强调听的动作。
It’s raining outside. Can you hear?外面在下雨。你能听到么？
She’s listening to English songs. 她正在听英语歌。
Did you hear me ?你听到我说话了么？
Are you listening to me?你在听我说话么？
3. And showed everyone that it was empty. 给每个人看包是空的。
句中的show后面跟了双宾语,一个是everyone, 另一个是宾语从句that it was empty. show sb. that...表示：向某人显示，表明。动词show 常用在下面的结构。
show sb. +宾语从句：向某人显示，表明…
The photo shows us that there is no life on Mars. 这幅图片向我们表明了火星上没有生命。
The evidence showed the police who was the murders. 这个证据向警方表明了谁是凶手。
show sth. to sb. 或show sb. sth.把某物给某人看。
Please show your passport to me. =Please show me your passport. 请把你的护照给我看一下。
show sb how to do sth. 教某人做某事。
He will show me how to do flashes. 他将教我怎样制作动漫。
Let me show you how to play this game. 我来教你怎样玩这个游戏吧。
He said he did his homework . 他说他做了作业。
I thought she was beautiful. 我以为她很靓。
4. No one knew what was happening. 没有人知道发生了什么。
no one 相当于nobody, 只能用于指人，不用于指物，后面不能接of 短语，no one 作主语时，谓语动词要用单数。
No one believes him . 没有人能相信他。
No one can help you . You must do it yourself. 没有人能帮你.这事你必须自己干。
What was happened to Danny? 丹尼出什么事了?
What happened to my computer?我的电脑怎么啦?
I happened to be at the airport when he arrived. 他到达时我恰好在机场。
Do you happen to know his e-mail address?你可知道他的电子邮箱么?
5. move through the crowd表示：(速度较慢的)挪动，穿过人群。
There are many people on the square. You have to move through the crowds.
When you take a plane, you will have to go through a safety entrance.
They will run through that forest. 他们将跑步穿过那个森林。
Can you go through a wall ? 你能穿墙而过么?
6. They stole my friend’s purse five minutes ago. 他们五分钟前偷了我朋友的钱包。
stole 是动词steal 的过去式，过去分词为stolen. steal有下列用法：
在句中表示：偷，窃取，常用的结构为：steal sth. from sb. /some place(从某人或某处偷取某物),steal sb. sth. 为某人偷窃某物。
The spy stole some military information from the base. 间谍从基地窃取了一些军事情报。
The thief stole his girlfriend a diamond. 那个小偷为女友偷窃了一颗钻石。
He is doing his best to steal his girlfriend’s heart. 他竭尽所能来博取女友的欢心。
7. We were down in the bookshop, buying postcards. 我们到书店买明信片。
句中buying postcards 是一个v.-ing形式的短语,用作状语，表示伴随动作。所谓伴随动作，是指与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生的一个次要动作。
He went out , laughing loudly. 他大笑着走了出去。
You can make sentences, using the new words in this unit. 你可以用本单元的生词造句。
8. started talking to us 表示：开始和我们聊了起来。动词start后面可以跟v.-ing形式start doing sth. 也可以跟动词不定式start to do sth. 两种用法在含义上没什么区别，都表示开始做某事。
It started raining when we got to the airport . 当我们到达机场时，天开始下雨了。
She started to pack up.她开始收拾行装。
1. deal with trouble表示：应对麻烦
deal with 是一个动词短语。
What should we do to deal with this situation?
It is not easy to deal with him. 和他打交道可不容易。
Deal with a man as he deals with you. 以其人之道，还治其人之身。
We are dealing with that company. 我们正在和那家公司做生意。
trouble 在此处作名词，表示： 麻烦，困境，可以作不可数名词，也可作可数名词。
I’m sorry to give you so much trouble. 真不好意思，给你添了这么多麻烦。
It saved me a lot of trouble.这倒省了我不少麻烦。
He is a trouble maker. 他是一个麻烦制造者。
It is a great trouble to bring these bags. 带这些包裹真是麻烦事。
He is a big trouble . 他是个挺麻烦的人。
The bad news troubled me. 那个坏消息让我烦心。
Don’t trouble about it. 别为那事费心了。
2. shout at ： 对……吼叫，介词at在此处表示：针对着,向.通常指发怒，发火的情形。
Don’t shout at me. 别对我大喊大叫的。
You should not shout at your child. 你不应该冲着孩子吼叫.
shout to 表示：向着……喊叫。介词to 表示声音所喊的方向，通常指呼唤较远处的人。
Don’t shout to him. It’s too far. He can’t hear you.
shout back 表示：吼叫还击，在此处。
Her father said she was lazy, and she did not answer back. 她父亲说她很懒，而她并没回嘴。
3. hold out 表示：伸出，端出。后面接宾语时，如果是代词，则必须放在out 前面。
Hold out your hands. 把你双手伸出来。
When the soup was ready , she held it out to the dining room. 汤好了之后，她把汤端到了餐厅。
4. stare at sb. 表示：盯着某人看。
It is not polite to stare at other people. 盯着别人看是不礼貌的。
The teacher stared at Tom and said “ I know you did it”
look at 表示：看，看着，指一般看的动作。
Look at that girl ! She is crying.瞧那个女孩，她正在哭。
Why are you looking at me? 你为什么看着我?
Can you see the star in the sky? 你能看见天上的那颗星星吗?
Did you see Helen in the swimming pool? 你在游泳池里看见海伦了么?
5. talk to sb. 表示和某人谈一谈，多指主动找对方谈话的情景。
6. at first 起先，起初，开始的时候，多用于过去时态的句中作状语，描述过去的动作。
At first I though he was our new teacher. 起先，我以为他是我们的新老师。
At first she was friendly to him. 起初。她对他还挺好。
At first he was learning English , but later he picked up French. 开始的时候，他是在学英语，后来他学起了法语。
( )1. I found a job _____ a baby-sitter in my last summer vacation.
A. like B. as C. for D. with
( )2. _____ you please give me a hand?
A. Can B. Could C. Do D. Are
( )3. Please _____ your ticket to the concert.
A. look out B. give out C. put out D. take out
( )4. “Could you please turn on the light?” “_____ .”
A. Yes, please B. Sure, please don’t C. Sure, not D. Yes, sure
( )5. Your football is _____ the floor.
A. under B. near C. next to D. on
( )6. I hate _____ the English texts.
A. recite(背诵) B. recited C. to recite D. to recited
( )7. “Do you like to cook?” “_____ .”
A. Yes, not really B. No, really C. No, not really D. Yes, I’m afraid
( )8. “_____ do you do the laundry?” “Once a week.”
A. How fast B. How soon C. How long D. How often
( )9. Taking a walk after supper is _____ .”
A. moving B. exciting C. relaxing D. sightseeing
( )10. I was late this morning, _____ I got up late.
A. when B. because C. while D. that
( )11. The meeting was very _____ . It’s a waste of time.
A. interesting B. exciting C. boring D. wonderful
In the world ,soccer of football is the most popular sport. This is because many countries have wonderful teams for the World Cup. The World Cup is held every four years.
To remember 2002 FIFA World Cup ,children from different countries and more than 60 children from Japanese schools came together and spent three weekends drawing a big picture called “Dream(梦幻) World Cups” in Japan .The children drew animals, flowers and people playing soccer under a bule bright sky. They wished each football team good luck by drawing the flags(旗帜)of all the countries that will take part in the World Cup in Japan and South Korea. The picture was put up in a park near a playground in Yokohama .Some football teams will have games there.
Are you a football fan(迷)？The World Cup makes more and more people interested in football Teenagers(青少年)like playing and watching football .Many of them love some football stars so much that they get the pictures of their favourite players on the walls of their rooms. That is the way to show their love for the World Cup as children in Japan.
1. If a country wants to take part in the World Cup ,she must have______.
A. many football fans B. a very good team
C. many football player D. a big playground
2. The next World Cup will be held in_______.
A. 2006 B
3. From the passage ,in the picture children drew many things except_________.
A. people playing football B. pictures of some football stars
C. a sunny sky D. flowers
4. In“Dream World Cup”, the children drew the flags of some countries______.
A. to show their love for their owe country
B. to tell the people their stories
C. to show their good wishes for the football teams
D. to show their new ideas about football
5. Many teenagers owe the pictures of some football stars because______.
A. they are interested in football
B. they are football fans
C. they think their favourite players are great
D. all of A,B and C
In 1826, a Frenchman named Niepce needed pictures for his business .But he was not a good artist .So he invented a very simple camera (照相机).He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden. That was the first photo.
The next important date in the history of photography (摄影术) was in 1837.That year, Daguere, another Frenchman ,took a picture of his reading room .He used a new kind of camera in a differentway.In his picture you could see everything very clearly ,even the smallest thing. This kind of photo was called a Daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre’s way. Travellers brought back wonderful photos from all around the world .people took picture of famous buildings, cities and mountains.
In about 1840, photography was developed .Then photographers could take picture of people and moving things .That was not simple .The photographers had to carry a lot of film and other machines. But this did not stop them ,for example, some in the United States worked so hard.
Mathew Brady was a famous American photographers. He took many picture of great people .The picture were unusual because they were very lifelike(栩栩如生的)
Photographers also became one kind of art by the end of the 19th century .Some photos were nor just copies of the real world .They showed and feelings, like other kinds of art.
6.The first photo taken by Niepce was a picture of ____________
A. his business B. his house C. his garden D. his window
7.The Daguerrotype was____________.
A. a Frenchman B. a kind of picture C. a kind of camera D. a photographer
8.If a photographer wanted to take pictures of moving things in the year of 1840j, he had to__________.
A. watch lots of films
B. buy an expensive camera
C. stop in most cities
D. take many films and something else with him.
9. Mathew Brady______________.
A. was very lifelike B. was famous for his unusual pictures
C. was quite strong D. took many pictures of moving people
10.This passage tells us_____________.
A. how photography was developed
B. how to show your ideas and feelings in pictures
C. how to take pictures in the world
D. how to use different cameras
Americans with small families own a small car or a large one. If both parents are working, they usually have two cars. When the family is large, one of the cars is sold and they will buy a van(住房汽车)
A small car can hold(容纳)four persons and a large car can hold six persons but it is very crowded(拥挤). A van hold seven persons easily, so a family three children could ask their grandparents to go on a holiday travel They could all travel together.
Mr.Hagen and his wife had a third child last year. This made them sell a second car and bus a van. Their children sixth and seventh seat are used to put other things, for a family of five must carry many suitcases(衣箱)when they travel. When they arrive at their grandparents’ home , the suitcases are brought into the two seats can then carry the grandparents.
Americans call vans motor homes. A motor home is always used for holidays. When a family are traveling to the mountains or to the seaside, they can live in their motor home for a few days or to the seaside, they can live in their motor home for a few days or weeks. All the members of a big family can enjoy a happier life when they are traveling together. That is why motor homes have become very popular. In America there are many parks for motor homes.
11. From the passage, a van is also called ____________.
A. a motor car B. a motor home C. a motorbike D. a big truck
12. Before Mr. Hagen and his wife bought a van, they__________.
A. sold their old house B. moved to their grandparents’ house
C.built a new place for a van D. sold their second car
13. A motor home is usually owned by a family with__________.
A. a baby B. much money
C. more than two children D. interest in vans
14. Americans usually use motor homer____________.
A. to travel with all the family members of holiday
B. to do some shopping with all the family members
C. to visit their grandparents at weekends
D. to drive their children to school every day
15. Motor homes have become popular because___________.
A. they can take people to another city when people are free
B. they can let families have a happier life when they go out for their holidays
C. some people think motor homes are cheap
D. big families can put more things in motor homes
一、1. C 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. D 6. C 7. C 8. D
9. C 10. B 11. C
二、1. B 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. D 6. C 7. B 8. D
9. B 10. A 11. B 12. D 13. C 14. A 15. B